Technology is a knowledge aimed at creating tools, action processing and extraction of objects. The term “technology” has been widely recognized and everyone has their own way of understanding the notion of technology. Technology is used to solve problems in our daily lives, briefly; We can describe technology as a product, process, or organization. In addition, technology is used to expand our capabilities, and that makes people the most important part of any technology system.
Technology is also an application of science to solve problems. But what we must know is that technology and science are different subjects that work from hand-to-hand to accomplish a particular task or solve a particular problem.
Application of technology
Technology is applied to almost everything we do in our lives, we use technology in the workplace; We use it for extract material; We use technology for communication, transportation, studying, manufacturing; Creating tools; Secure data, business scale, and more. Technology is a human knowledge involving tools, materials, and systems. Application of technology produces tools or products. If this technology is applied properly, it can be beneficial to humans; But if incorrectly applied, it can cause damage to humans.
Use of technology
Many businesses use technology to stay competitive, they create new products and services using technology, and they also use technology to deliver products and services to their customers in a timely fashion. A good example is mobile companies like Apple and Samsung, these two electronics companies, using top-notch technology to create new smartphones and other electronic devices to stay competitive. This competitive advantage is obtained through the use of advanced technology.
Technology is dynamic; Technology continues to advance because of our needs and the demand for technology continues to increase. We have moved from the industrial era (industrial revolution) to the information age. During the industrial era, companies with large capital have the potential of using expensive technological tools to gain competitive advantage; Small businesses lack the potential because they are not capable of manufacturing or processing expensive technology tools. But technological advances have created a new, information-dependent economic environment and that’s what we call “Information Age”, an information age that provides a different working environment and this has helped small businesses get positions in highly competitive markets.
Types and examples of technology
We use technology to accomplish a variety of tasks, so technology comes in many different types, below I have picked up some kind of technology that we use every day.
• Communication technology
It is a system that uses technical means to transmit information or data from one place to another, or from one person to another. Communication is used for various purposes; Used to convey ideas, exchange information, and express emotions. Humans use communication technology tools such as telephone, computer, email, fax, or text messaging tools to keep in touch with friends and family; Then business to facilitate the flow of information in the workplace, to assist in decision-making, to serve customer needs and requests, to promote new products or services to targeted consumers, and more.
• Construction technology
This is the study of sophisticated methods and tools that can be used to build structures. Construction builds two types of structures. These include buildings and heavy engineering structures. Construction uses a variety of technological measures to establish structures in any place. The use of construction technology tools such as heavy tractors to prepare the ground, computer design software to create structural designs on computers in 3D format; Using various construction technologies to attach structures and install utilities has helped in advancing both residential buildings and commercial buildings of today.
• Medical technology
This is the kind of technology used to expand and improve human life. Medical technology reduces patient pain and injury. Developed countries have benefited from the use of medical technology in their health care system, and this explains the reason why many people in developed countries are healthier than people in developing countries. Medical technology is used to diagnose infections, treat diseases, and to make research on diseases that affect humans.
• Information Technology
Information technology is a set of hardware and software tools used to store information. Information technology tools help in giving people the right information at the right time. Workers in organizations use information technology to accomplish various tasks and this may include; Transfer information that facilitates decision making within an organization improves customer service and more. In this information age, it is important to manage information systems to ensure accuracy and efficiency. Management information systems involve planning, development, management, and use of information technology tools to assist workers and people in performing all tasks related to information processing and management. Large financial institutions such as Banks use information technology to operate their businesses and serve their customers.
• Business technology
This is a type of technology consisting of various hardware tools and software applications used to run a business and improve various business operations. Many businesses use technology to scale and grow large. Small businesses have used technology to create new ways to compete with established companies. To some extent, some business technology can make a small company look like a big company and this can help position a small business profit in a competitive market.